It will soon be open to the public, and has preserved the rooms exactly like it was when the entire royal family was killed in a massacre in 2001. hen Narayanhiti Palace was opened to the public in […] He decided Krishna Prasad Bhattarai to lead this, who for several years had been jailed. 390258 01: (FILE PHOTO) King Birendra of Nepal attends ceremony October 22, 1981 in Nepal. The dead included King Birendra and Queen Aishwarya. To pave the path for voting, King Birendra named an provisional regime. Required fields are marked *. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the 11th King of Nepal who succeeded King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev after his death in 1972. The restrictions placed on political organizations began to alleviate during the 1980s, and liberal student-led organizations began to request legislative reform in Nepal. Birendra's brother, Gyanendra, then became King. He entered the UK’s Eton College in 1959. The stability of Nepal was threatened even more when Birendra and his family (including Queen Aishwarya) were massacred at a royal dinner on 1 June 2001. Birendra had two brothers, Dhirendra Shah and Gyanendra Shah. [7] Because of the growing pro-democracy movement Birendra announced that a referendum to decide between a non-party and a multi-party system would be held. [22][23][24][25], H.M. Svasti Sri Giriraja Bahadur Shah Bahadur Shamsher Jang Devanam Sada Samara Vijayinam, King of Nepal, Royal Victorian Chain (23 February 1975), Album of Late king Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev by Narayan Prasad Shiwakoti: Published on 1995 AD – Election, "Birendra" redirects here. After his father's (King Mahendra) death in 1972, King Birendra consulted his court astrologers, who advised him to delay his coronation for three years, with the most auspicious moment for his crowning being at 8:37 am precisely on 4 February 1975. Indeed, this is doubtful. Birendra completed eight years teaching with his sister Gyanendra at St Joseph’s School, a Jesuit college in Darjeeling. It will soon be open to the public, and has preserved the rooms exactly like it was when the entire royal family was killed in a massacre in 2001. hen Narayanhiti Palace was opened to the public in […] King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the 11th King of Nepal who succeeded King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev after his death in 1972. [citation needed] This was observed in the 2036 B.S. Late King Birendra death saddened Nepalese citizens as it all happened on 2057/02/19 at around 9.15 P.M. Royal massacre is one of the biggest massacre as well as mysterious incident in the history of Nepal. 390258 01: (FILE PHOTO) King Birendra of Nepal attends ceremony October 22, 1981 in Nepal. (Photo by Sandro Tucci/Getty Images) He walked all by himself to exploring the nation, visiting the towns and monasteries. Nepal's stability was threatened even more when Birendra and his family (including Queen Aiswarya) were massacredat a royal dinner on 1 June 2001. Biography of King Birendra. This inquiry was carried out after a forensic investigation was effectively provided by Scotland Yard. Janmat Sangraha (Referendum of 1980) when he wished the individuals to choose between’ Multiparty Democracy’ or’ Reformed Panchayat System.’ But the pro-democracy rulers and scholars all asserted the referendum was manipulated. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was the 11th King of Nepal and a South Asian statesman. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev (वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was the 11th King of Nepal and a South Asian statesman. King Birendra was guided to the temple of his ancestral palace, the Hanuman Dhoka (“the monkey god’s door”) soon after sunrise on that day. It is said that the mom of the potential bride, herself a Nepali by birth, told her child that joining the crown prince of Nepal could imply a fall in her living standards. Birendra was married to Aishwarya Rajya Lakshmi Devi from the Rana family, his second cousin, on 27 February 1970. Birendra's grandfather, King … Dipendra was proclaimed king but died a few days later of self-inflicted gunshot wounds sustained in the massacre. He resided on anything from the individuals he could get. Madsen states that the main reason for the murder was King Birendra’s refusal to allow outside intervention in the civil war, which began in Nepal in 1996 (Madsen). Soon after dawn on that day, King Birendra was driven to the temple of his ancestral palace, the Hanuman Dhoka ("Gate of Hanuman"). Birendra registered in the United Kingdom at Eton College in 1959. In an attempt to maintain the panchayat system of government prominent leaders of the Nepali Congress Party were arrested. King Birendra Faily. In Latin America, Africa, and a variety of Asian nations, he toured many nations. [12] During the 1980s the restraints that had been imposed on political organisations started to ease, and liberal student-led groups started to demand constitutional change in Nepal.[6][17]. He was also an art collector and supporter of Nepalese crafts people and artists, and learnt to fly helicopters.[7]. The death of King Birendra and his family would be beneficial to the U.S. and India indirectly. From a very young age, Birendra was described by his school teachers as a very kind and emotional prince. Detailed investigation is impossible as the "Tribhuvan Sadan" (the building where the massacre occurred) was demolished by the Gyanendra government which made Gyanendra a most unpopular king. The eldest son of King Mahendra, he reigned until his death in the 2001 Nepalese royal massacre. However, the quarrels between various political parties and numerous social problems led to the Nepalese Civil War, a conflict between Maoist rebels and government forces, which lasted from 1996 until 2006. Other ideas claim that Dipendra was dissatisfied with the country’s change from an ideal to a constitutional monarchy, and that after the People’s Movement of 1990 too much authority had been handed back. Birendra Bir Bikram Shah was a former King of Nepal born in December 29th, 1945. Reports from the eyewitness and an authorized inquiry (taken out by a two-man commission composed of Supreme Court Chief Justice Keshav Prasad Upadhaya and House Speaker Taranath Ranabhat) revealed that Dipendra was the gunman. He was also an art collector and fan of individuals and painters from Nepalese crafts, and he learned to sail helicopters. King Birendra appointed an interim government to pave the way for elections. Some historians have speculated that King Birendra's democratic views and simple nature led to the success of the People's Movement I (1990). He’s been cremated after the funeral. King Birendra Faily. During the opening of his coronation event, King Birendra announced the Nepal Zone of Peace proposal. His first journeys overseas as prince were to India in October 1973, and two months ago to China, believing that Nepal, sandwiched between the two Asian forces, ought to have excellent ties with both. Dipendra slipped into a coma after shooting himself. He succeeded to the throne upon the death of his nephew Prince Dipendra, who was King for only three days while in a coma, following the massacre of the preceding king (Gyanendra's brother, Birendra) and other members of the royal family. In fact, India would benefit from the death of King Birendra more than the U.S. would. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev, who was shot to death on Friday in a massacre of Nepal's royal family, was a proud but isolated monarch whose reign … He formally asked the international community to endorse his proposal that the United Nations should declare Nepal a ZoP, to give a new dimension to Nepalese stance for non-aligned movement. The draft constitution was approved by the Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai and his cabinet and so, on 9 November 1990, Birendra promulgated the new constitution transforming Nepal into a constitutional monarchy. He ruled Nepal till 2058 BS. He proclaimed on the same day that every kid in the nation had the right to free education. Dipendra's body was cremated after his funeral. Almost all of the Royal family members were killed in the massacre except Gyanendra Shah (Former King and younger brother of King Birendra). The vote was conducted in May 1980, with a majority of 55% to 45% for the non-party scheme. King Birendra (Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Deva) King of Nepal Born: 12/28/1945 Birthplace: Katmandu, Nepal. ", "Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev King of Nepal", "Dipendra kicked his father after he shot him", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Birendra_of_Nepal&oldid=999817889, Grand Crosses Special Class of the Order of Merit of the Federal Republic of Germany, Knights of the Order of the Gold Lion of the House of Nassau, Grand Crosses of the Order of the Star of Romania, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using infobox royalty with unknown parameters, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2019, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 January 2021, at 03:07. King Birendra was born on Dec. 28, 1945, and acceded to the throne in January 1972, after the death of King Mahendra. It has been two decades, but 1st June has been seared into the collective painful memory of all Nepalis. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev was the 11th King of Nepal who succeeded King Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev after his death in 1972. Had the King approved these circumstances, there would have been no end to the panchayat scheme. Your email address will not be published. King Birendra Bir Bikram Shah (b. The commission presented him with the draft of the proposed constitution on 10 September 1990. Eyewitness reports and an official investigation (carri… Important Fact: King Birendra came to the throne on January 31, 1972 as a tenth ruler in the Shah dynasty in Nepal after the death of his father King Mahendra. There is a lot of debate surrounding the conditions of the massacre, and even today, with the abolition of the monarchy, many issues stay about its purpose within Nepal. King Birendra was born at the Narayanhiti Royal Palace in Kathmandu as the eldest son of the then Crown Prince Mahendra Bir Bikram Shah Dev and his first wife, Crown Princess Indra Rajya Lakshmi Devi.[4][5]. His motivation for the killings is unclear, but different explanations exist. But on the date we listed above it is considered as a black day for Nepal, we miss him at present but he is not with us. Remembering King Birendra. Lifestyle and Travel Blog in English, Hindi and Nepali. Coming to the throne of Nepal at the age of 27 King Birendra sought to emphasize economic development and a decentralization of authority.. King Birendra (Bir Bikram Shah Dev) of Nepal was born on December 28, 1945, the eldest son of King Mahendra and Queen Indra. King Birendra designed this three-storey cottage named Shree Sadan for his family when he was Crown Prince. He endured the difficult change of heading the government of his mountain kingdom to … Birendra Bir Bikram Shah (Nepali: वीरेन्द्र वीर विक्रम शाह) (28 December 1945 – 1 June 2001) was the King of Nepal from 1972 until 2001. Prime Minister Krishna Prasad Bhattarai and his cabinet endorsed the draft constitution, and so on November 9, 1990; Birendra promulgated the new constitution that turned Nepal into a constitutional monarchy. The referendum was held in May 1980 with the non-party system winning by a margin of 55% to 45%. King Birendra Quotes. Janmat Sangraha (1980 Referendum) when he wanted the people to choose whether they wanted 'Multiparty Democracy' or a 'Reformed Panchayat System'. Nirajan, were also killed, ‘ St. in Darjeeling, India benefit! Wales representing the British royal family has generated a range of emotions in the Kingdom. 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