areas of the state. I pulled the book off the shelf in my home library, “History of Alabama,” by Albert James Pickett, written in 1851, where I found descriptive early history information I longed to read about and some things I found very disturbing to even think about as it related to the settlers and the Indians – tales of bloody massacres, savagery, butchery, barbarity, hostility and horrible … They also usurped and wielded inordinate power in state political affairs for the next century, despite the fact that they were a distinct minority population wise. The Black Belters from South Alabama were for creating a confederacy of southern states to protect their slave ownership and way of life. This region of our state is called the Black Belt because of the rich, black, luminous soil found there. 1. It became and important American port. Your California Privacy Rights / Privacy Policy. He may be reached at www.steveflowers.us. The hill farmers from North Alabama preferred to wait and see what their cousins from Tennessee were going to do because they had more in common with them. There were 100 delegates. © 2021 www.montgomeryadvertiser.com. English, French, and Spanish settlers and settlers from South Carolina and Georgia established trading posts. The Alabama, the area's first steamboat, constructed in St. Stephens. The Moulton Merchants. Publication date 1899 Topics Frontier and pioneer life ... Be the first one to write a review. The early settlers of Northen Dale County were the founders of present day Arguta (pronounced Are-goo-taa!) Transcribed for GT by Debra Hudson and Jo Chavers, Recollection of The Early Settlers of Alabama, Lawrence County - Its Organization, Topography, and Soil, Style of Dress, and Type of Love in the Early Times, Rev. 40,441 Views . A few were from Georgia, Kentucky and Alabama. John B. They did not need slaves like their neighbors to the south. Cedar Creek Furnace, the state's first blast furnace and commerical pig-iron producer, established in present-day Franklin County. Recollection of The Early Settlers of Alabama. Early missionaries were ministers, teachers, doctors, nurses, and friends, and their total impact was beyond measure. The tribes of Indians living in Alabama inhabited specific and identifiable areas of the state. These were people who went west before the Treaty of 1835. It was shortly after the secession convention that the majority of the good citizens of the northwest Alabama county of Winston met at Looney's Tavern to determine their course of action regarding the advent of the war between the North and the South. There were exceptions and the movement of some tribes over time resulted in some confusion over exact location. In general, during the period of 300 or so years between the Spanish Expeditions of Navarez and DeSoto and the great migration of white settlers into the area in the early 1800s, Alabama’s more predominant Indian tribes, groups or nations were 13 Favorites . Janurary 19: The first legislature of the Alabama Territory convenes at the Douglass Hotel in the territorial capital of St. Stephens. Early Settlers of Baldwin County, AL. 1702:The first permanent settlement, Fort Louis de la Mobile, was founded by the French north of the present site of Mobile. However, there were exceptions and some degree of tribal movement over time. The people who settled the Black Belt were looking for new cotton lands. The French and English fought over land. A secession convention was held on January 7, 1861 in Montgomery. Lawrence County - Its Organization, Topography, and Soil. This rich black soil is perfect for growing cotton. They named the region as La Florida, which extended to the southeast peninsular state now bearing the name. Noah B. Cole was married in the Sparta community of Conecuh County, Ala., in 1819. THOMAS B. TUNSTALL died in this county, Aug. 13, 1842, at the age of 54 years. The Cherokee Indians. Alabama Footprints: Settlement is a collection of lost and forgotten stories of the first surveyors, traders, and early settlements of what would become the future state of Alabama. Eventually, the English won. By the 1850s, 3,000 bales were shipped annually to Pensacola. In contrast, the people who settled North Alabama were small farmers who migrated to the Tennessee Valley of North Alabama from North Carolina or simply moved down from the hill country of Tennessee. Settlement and Growth. The Alabama first encountered Europeans when Hernando de Soto arrived in 1540. Starting in 1804, U. S. Land Offices were established to sell land in the area which would become Alabama. In their minds they never left the Union and remained free and independent from Alabama and the War Between the States. The river basins also offered the most fertile soil for cultivation. Benjamin Hawkins and the Creek Indians Alabama's Native American residents, predominantly members of the Creek, Cherokee, and Choctaw nations, played a central role during the state's territorial period as conflicts between Indians and white settlers during the early 1800s paved the way for the creation of the state of Alabama. Appalachia (/ ˌ æ p ə ˈ l eɪ tʃ ə,-l eɪ ʃ ə,-l æ tʃ ə /) is a cultural region in the Eastern United States that stretches from the Southern Tier of New York State to northern Alabama and Georgia. Two brothers, natives of South Carolina, arrived in the area circa 1815. 2. The State of Society. Sale. The following important events in the history of Alabamaaffected political jurisdictions, family movements, and record keeping. When the territory was opened up for colonization, settlers, both old and young, flocked into the area, mostly from South Carolina, North Carolina and Virginia. Members of the Cole family were some of the very earliest settlers in Covington County. These folks were not interested in being cotton farmers anyway. Contrary to what most present day Alabamians think, it was not an easy unified decision that we should leave the Union. If they were white they were requested to give which state they were born in. With the election of Abraham Lincoln in 1860, along with the Emancipation Proclamation abolishing slavery, the crucible decision of secession arose. 1710–1763:The Alabama area was governed by France. Judges of the County Court. They had burned up their soil in the east coast of Virginia by planting the cash crop cotton continuously year after year. The British gained control of the area in 1763 by the Treaty of Paris, but had to cede almost all the Alabama region to the US and Spain after the American Revolution. The first grist and saw mills in the county were built around 1818. Thomas A. French Establish First Settlement ... and in the 1920s the Alabama State Docks were conceived and realized as a means of providing and maintaining adequate port facilities. These settlers were well educated and many had been leaders in their governments in those states. Strain, Lindseys, and Speaks, Battle of North Anna, 2nd Battle of Cold Harbor, The Seige of Richmond, The Ninth Alabama - Fate of the Lawrence Volunteers, Courtland Mechanics, Mr. Kouck, James Mudd, Robert Williamson, The James Family, Daniel Wade, Leonard Sims, The Puryears, Thomas Dunnevant, Jane Watkins, Robert Watkins, John Watkins. His brother, Thomas Delorum Cole, was married a few years earlier circa 1814 […] At the period of their removal to the We… Alabama was the first state to declare Christmas a legal holiday, in 1836. That is why they are known in Alabama political history and folklore as the "Free State of Winston.". Circuit Judges of Lawrence County. Though less tractable than the Choctaws, they were more hospitable than the Chickasaws, less turbulent than the Muscogees, and more civilized than either. They included the Keaheys, McGills, McCalls, McLains, McDonald, and McEachins, who had purchased land by 1836. The began a settlement at Mobile in 1725. The first permanent European settlement in Alabama was founded by the French at Fort Louis de la Mobile in 1702. They had numerous wars with the Carolinians and white settlers of Tennessee, but were usually at peace with other tribes. Indeed this is where the Indians lived. Evergreen, 1943 Early settlers used the Sepulga River to float the bales of cotton and bushels of corn that grew in abundance in the county. Timber was cut and transported on keelboats downriver for sale at Pensacola. They were yeomen hill farmers who were happy to have 40 acres and a mule. In 1702 the French founded the first permanent European settlement in Alabama, at Fort Louis, north of present-day Mobile. Thus, they basically ignored the Civil War the best they could. Style of Dress, and Type of Love in the Early Times. This area is known as the Black Belt. On "Watkins' Island " at the head of the Muscle Shoals - there are a half dozen of them - and on the upper end several acres are covered with shells, as if the natives had occupied it for many ages. Several of these pioneers had already left their native state and were living in other counties in Tennessee. 1896 PAYMENT ROLL (West) – This roll is a record of payment to those whose names appeared on the 1851 Old Settlers list. Among these river basins is a swath of land across the middle of the state that extends from Georgia to Mississippi. They were well heeled slave owners and became the cotton growing plantation owners of the Black Belt. In 1800 there were only 14 slave owners in Winston County. But when Jackson County’s first settlers arrived, the people who had inhabited the region for centuries before … Many moved away. Therefore, the people who settled in the Black Belt were primarily planters from Virginia and Georgia. The obvious political cleavage between North and South Alabama was stark and measured. I knew the early settlers well, and of them I design to write; those who were here fifty or sixty years ago, or more. ©Genealogy Trails Many things in Alabama still remind us of the French. I then moved to the Courtland Valley, and have spent many summers at the Chalybeate Springs, on the mountain (where I had a home). The Alibamu and Koasati tribes … The soil they found in the Black Belt was much better than their worn out soil in the tidelands. It was hilly and less fertile. The Cherokees had no affinity with the neighboring tribes, and spoke a more liquid language than what Gallatin chooses to term the Muscogee-Chocta. Read about: A Russian princess settling in early Alabama; How the early settlers traveled to Alabama … In the 1700's, Europeans began to move to Alabama to farm the land. The French had to swear allegiance to the English king if they wanted to stay. Early settlers of Alabama by Saunders, James Edmonds, 1806-1896; Stubbs, Elizabeth Saunders Blair. These North Alabamians voted against secession from the Union at this time. And pioneer life... Be the first permanent European settlement in Alabama claiming! 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